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Rabu, 04 Juni 2014

AUTOBIOGRAPHY

MY AUTOBIOGRAPHY
By Riana Ismiani



 




My name is Riana Ismiani. Usually people call me riri or riana. I was born in the RS. Palang Biru, Gombong on 04 October 1992. My first child was born into and the one - the only one. My father and my mother named Tugimin and Wasinah. My father worked as a private employee and my mother died when I was 4 years old. I currently live in the area south jakarta with my father.
Ever since my mother died I lived with my grandmother on my grandmother's hometown until I graduated from high school. The beginning of my education, I went to kindergarten Sivi Pinardi, there I learned and started to have a stout friend. After graduating kindergarten in elementary school I went Sidobunder N 2. Upon graduating from elementary school I then went on SMP PGRI 1 KUWARASAN. There I began to grow from innocent children into a young teenager.
I graduated from junior high  to Jakarta to continue high school there. Then I went to high school SMA PKP DKI Jakarta. After high school I began to grow into a young adult. I learned and continue to learn so that I can graduate and continue to college. Up to the time of my grade 12 and I had to face National Examination and graduation.
After graduating high school, I started to search the college which are good quality . After searching searching I finally chose to go to college in the Faculty Ekinomi GUNADARMA UNIVERSITY Department of Management . I followed the initial entry ospek and activities - other keiatan that should be done by a new student . I hope I can pass on this year's S1 . I have almost 4 years of study at the University Gunadarma . There I get the science of teaching - pengaiar experienced . There I also get a good fellow soldier friends . During college there I have attended seminars - seminars , workshops , courses and Scientific Writing sebagaisalah to obtain a certificate of the requirements of the trial. Currently I have entered the final semester , I hope what I've got at this time can be beneficial for me and everyone else after I graduate. After graduation I want to work in the company as administrative staff . That's why I chose alasa Economic Management Department when I was in college .

My advice Do not ever give up even if you meet trouble, because trouble is the only way to show you how your power, you have to believe you can deal with it, learn from your mistakes, wise and never give up. Do not worry if something bad happens to you, you have a God that always help you, God does not give problems without giving solutions. If there is something you want, you do not get, it means not good for you and you are not worthy. do not look back, do not give up, do your best, believe in God, believe in yourself and you will always get better for your life. Remain grateful and surrender to god and do not give up ...

NAMA : RIANA ISMIANI
NPM : 15210875
KELAS : 4 EA19
TUGAS BAHASA INGGRIS BISNIS 2

Senin, 28 April 2014

Business In Indonesia Today


Business In Indonesia Today
Date : 01 April 2014 | Indonesia Investments

Domestic Consumption, Smartphones and Social Media in Indonesia

            The high level of consumption in Indonesia is remarkable. In fact, household consumption in Indonesia is an important engine of economic expansion in Southeast Asia’s largest economy as it accounts for about 55 percent of economic growth. One of the most popular consumption products are gadgets, in particular mobile gadgets. Just take a look in urban environments in Indonesia; everywhere people are holding, playing with, and communicating through some sort of mobile technological device.
            According to data from Mediacells, Indonesia is positioned within the top ten of the world's smartphone market based on sales volume. Smartphone sales in Indonesia are predicted to reach 46 million in 2014. About 39.8 million of these sales involve new smartphones.
            One of the reasons that explain Indonesia’s high smartphone sales is that the smartphone is no longer a luxury item that can only be afforded by the upper-middle class and elite circles. Due to the influx of various smartphone brands on the Indonesian market, and which cover a whole range of prices, many Indonesians can now afford a smartphone. Local mobile phone brands are more encouraged to compete with international brands, offering high-tech smartphone products at a cheaper price.
            The introduction of the smartphone caused that Indonesians are no longer using the mobile phone simply as a device to send a SMS message or to make a phone call. Communication through a variety of social networks has become increasingly popular. Facebook, for example, said that the number of users in Indonesia has reached tens of millions of people. At end-2013, the number of monthly registered active users (meaning that they open Facebook at least once per month) stood at 65 million, while the number of daily active users was 33 million. This makes Indonesia the fourth largest Facebook community after the United States, India and Brazil. Interestingly, 86 percent of all Indonesian Facebook users use a mobile device to access their account.
            Due to the Indonesia's great potential - as 80 percent of the population is still not connected to the Internet - Facebook intends to strengthen its business in this country. Facebook has set up a representative office in Indonesia’s capital city of Jakarta with the aim to establish better communication with a number of sides, including the country's small, medium and large businesses. Particularly the small and mid-sized enterprises are increasingly using Facebook as a tool to market their products. Facebook also aims to build a good relationship with the Indonesian government. This is evidenced by the meeting between officials of Facebook and the Vice Governor of Jakarta at City Hall on 20 March 2014.
            But not only Facebook is targeting for business expansion in Indonesia. South Korean-based mobile applications and mobile social messaging platform KakaoTalk has the same ambition. The management of KakaoTalk said that Indonesia is its second-largest market, after South Korea. In 2013, the number of Indonesians that use this new application was only 500 thousand people. However, around the end of February 2014, the number has reached 16 million. A growth of about 3,000 percent. Therefore, KakaoTalk wants to provide the best services to its Indonesian fan base. For example, it wants to apply a specific technology in order to provide fast delivery of messages despite the current 2G or EDGE network conditions.
            Line, a chat application from Japan, also expressed optimism on their business in Indonesia. Based on information from Line published on the website techinasia.com (dated early February), the number of Line users in Indonesia has exceeded 20 million people (and approximately 350 million users globally). After Japan (50 million users) and Thailand (22 million), Indonesia comes third.
            Regarding the more professional social application of LinkedIn, the Asia-Pacific region (including Indonesia) contributed significantly to its growing number of users. Based on information from LinkedIn in mid-February, the number of users has reached 50 million in the Asia-Pacific region. There are nine countries in the Asia-Pacific region that have more than one million LinkedIn users. These are India (over 24 million), Australia (over 5 million), China (over 4 million), Indonesia and the Philippines (each more than 2 million). Meanwhile Japan, Singapore, Malaysia, and New Zealand all have more than one million users. The fact that Indonesia has more LinkedIn users than Singapore (a much more developed country), is a clear sign that Indonesian people continue to show and develop their existence in cyberspace, both informally and professionally. It also happens more frequently that job applications are conducted through LinkedIn. It is certainly handy for those who are looking for employees, because through LinkedIn, a record of experience and educational background of job seekers can be read.
            Seeing the current trends of Indonesian society in relation to the active use of social networks, many companies are trying to tap this market in order to generate profit. Besides communication, social networking can also be used for promotion, sales, and even for politics.
            In my opinion the people of Indonesia and even around the world today is highly dependent on the smarthphone and social media. This dikarekan technological advances are happening right now. With the smartphone and social media now everyone can communicate quickly with services disediadan by the smartphone.
            Internet presence in the smartphone making characteristics of corrected mass communication. Now, mass communication is no longer a one-way communication intact. Each communicant can provide immediate response after receiving the message, then the response will be responded back by the communicators. In essence, there is a dialogue that occurs in mass communication. Although the dialogue does not happen properly direct two-way communication. The use of the senses which was originally limited to correction. Now, through the internet, the senses communicant progress in its use. Not just one or two senses are used.
            Smartphones are the result of the evolution of forms of electronic communication tools. If the first means of electronic communication in the form of a fixed line that can not be taken anywhere and used only to send voice, mobile phone turns into a more mobile and not be able to make phone calls but also send text. Until eventually currently a smartphone that has more applications and facilities than regular cell phones. Smartphones can be said as luxury items because basically people are still many who use only smartphones as part of a lifestyle, looks, trends and prestige.

Sumber :
http://www.indonesia-investments.com/doing-business/business-columns/domestic-consumption-smartphones-and-social-media-in-indonesia/item1828

Nama : Riana Ismiani
NPM : 15210875
Kelas : 4 EA19
Tugas Bahasa Inggris Bisnis 2

Jumat, 28 Maret 2014

BAHASA INGGRIS BISNIS 2



Passive Voice
The passive voice is less usual than the active voice. The active voice is the "normal" voice. But sometimes we need the passive voice. In this lesson we look at how to construct the passive voice, when to use it and how to conjugate it.
The passive voice is a grammatical construction (specifically, a "voice"). The noun or noun phrase that would be the object of an active sentence (such as Our troops defeated the enemy) appears as the subject of a sentence with passive voice (e.g. The enemy was defeated by our troops).
The subject of a sentence or clause featuring the passive voice typically denotes the recipient of the action (the patient) rather than the performer (the agent). The passive voice in English is formed periphrastically: the usual form uses the auxiliary verb be (or get) together with the past participle of the main verb.
English allows a number of passive constructions which are not possible in many of the other languages with similar passive formation. These include promotion of an indirect object to subject (as in Tom was given a bag) and promotion of the complement of a preposition (as in Sue was operated on, leaving a stranded preposition).
Use of the English passive varies with writing style and field. Some publications' style sheets discourage use of the passive voice, while others encourage it. Although some purveyors of usage advice, including George Orwell (see Politics and the English Language, 1946) and William Strunk, Jr. and E. B. White (see The Elements of Style, 1919), discourage use of the passive in English, its usefulness is generally recognized, particularly in cases where the patient is more important than the agent, but also in some cases where it is desired to emphasize the agent.
The passive voice is a specific grammatical construction; not every expression that serves to take focus away from the performer of an action is classified as an instance of passive voice. The essential components of the English passive voice are a form of the auxiliary verb be (or sometimes get), and the past participle of the main verb denoting the action. For example:
... that all men are created equal..
We have been cruelly deceived.
The captain was struck by a missile.
I got kicked in the face during the fight.

Form of Passive

Subject + finite form of to be + Past Participle (3rd column of irregular verbs)
Example: A letter was written.
When rewriting active sentences in passive voice, note the following:
  • the object of the active sentence becomes the subject of the passive sentence
  • the finite form of the verb is changed (to be + past participle)
  • the subject of the active sentence becomes the object of the passive sentence (or is dropped)

Examples of Passive

Tense
Subject
Verb
Object
Simple Present
Active:
Rita
writes
a letter.
Passive:
A letter
is written
by Rita.
Simple Past
Active:
Rita
wrote
a letter.
Passive:
A letter
was written
by Rita.
Present Perfect
Active:
Rita
has written
a letter.
Passive:
A letter
has been written
by Rita.
Future I
Active:
Rita
will write
a letter.
Passive:
A letter
will be written
by Rita.
Hilfsverben
Active:
Rita
can write
a letter.
Passive:
A letter
can be written
by Rita.

Examples of Passive

Tense
Subject
Verb
Object
Present Progressive
Active:
Rita
is writing
a letter.
Passive:
A letter
is being written
by Rita.
Past Progressive
Active:
Rita
was writing
a letter.
Passive:
A letter
was being written
by Rita.
Past Perfect
Active:
Rita
had written
a letter.
Passive:
A letter
had been written
by Rita.
Future II
Active:
Rita
will have written
a letter.
Passive:
A letter
will have been written
by Rita.
Conditional I
Active:
Rita
would write
a letter.
Passive:
A letter
would be written
by Rita.
Conditional II
Active:
Rita
would have written
a letter.
Passive:
A letter
would have been written
by Rita.

Passive Sentences with Two Objects

Rewriting an active sentence with two objects in passive voice means that one of the two objects becomes the subject, the other one remains an object. Which object to transform into a subject depends on what you want to put the focus on.

Subject
Verb
Object 1
Object 2
Active:
Rita
wrote
a letter
to me.
Passive:
A letter
was written
to me
by Rita.
Passive:
I
was written
a letter
by Rita.
. As you can see in the examples, adding by Rita does not sound very elegant. Thats why it is usually dropped.

When do I use passive voice?                                                                                                     

In some sentences, passive voice can be perfectly acceptable. You might use it in the following cases:
1.                  The actor is unknown:
The cave paintings of Lascaux were made in the Upper Old Stone Age. [We don't know who made them.]
2.                  The actor is irrelevant:
An experimental solar power plant will be built in the Australian desert. [We are not interested in who is building it.]
3.                  You want to be vague about who is responsible:
Mistakes were made. [Common in bureaucratic writing!]
4.                  You are talking about a general truth:
Rules are made to be broken. [By whomever, whenever.]
5.                  You want to emphasize the person or thing acted on. For example, it may be your main topic:
Insulin was first discovered in 1921 by researchers at the University of Toronto. It is still the only treatment available for diabetes.
6.                  You are writing in a scientific genre that traditionally relies on passive voice. Passive voice is often preferred in lab reports and scientific research papers, most notably in the Materials and Methods section:

Construction of the Passive Voice

The structure of the passive voice is very simple:
subject + auxiliary verb (be) + main verb (past participle)
The main verb is always in its past participle form.
Look at these examples:
subject
auxiliary verb (to be)

main verb (past participle)

Water
is

drunk
by everyone.
100 people
are

employed
by this company.
I
am

paid
in euro.
We
are
not
paid
in dollars.
Are
they

paid
in yen?

Use of the Passive Voice

We use the passive when:
·                     we want to make the active object more important
·                     we do not know the active subject


subject
verb
object
give importance to active object (President Kennedy)
President Kennedy
was killed
by Lee Harvey Oswald.
active subject unknown
My wallet
has been stolen.
?
Note that we always use by to introduce the passive object (Fish are eaten by cats).

Refference:
A.R, Nina. 2010. Hafalan Luar Kepala 16 Tenses. Yogyakarta: Pestaka Widyatama
Horis Ho, H.F. A COMPREHENSIVE ENGLISH GRAMMAR. Jakarta: DAP, 2014.


NAMA : RIANA ISMIANI
NPM : 15210875
KELAS : 4EA19